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Articles Underwater Photography
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The Nikonos, manufactured by Nikon, was the first true underwater
camera and to this day remains the industry standard. Nikon
has discontinued their first-rate Nikonos line of underwater
cameras and lenses, although you may still find the Nikonos
on the used market or eBay.
Underwater photography is a great way to record your experience
with non-divers of the wonderful world below the waves.
If you simply want an underwater camera for a day, you might
want to consider either a Kodak or a Fuji single-use disposable
camera. For those beginning in the field of underwater photography,
an inexpensive waterproof disposable camera can be a good
way to get started. Some of the disposable underwater cameras
are equipped with an integrated flash unit.
One of the difficulties casual snorkelers and divers who
are attempting underwater photography struggle with is the
lack of visibility in the view finder on underwater cameras.
Too many commercially built underwater cameras cases merely
depend on lining up dots, which isn't sufficient for proper
composition of underwater pictures. Very few underwater cameras
have a finder large enough to be used accurately underwater.
Serious enthusiasts who want the advantages of a single-lens
reflex auto-focus camera may prefer a land camera in an underwater
housing. Some of the more advanced and specialized cameras
have an underwater mode that change the features, operation,
or interface of the camera for underwater use. Imagine having
an underwater camera that takes 220 shots at 12 million pixels
that you can see and delete underwater. When most people think
about shooting digital pictures underwater, they think of
large underwater camera housings, intricate flash strobes
and a very large budget. But that is not always the case Canon
is making an entire line of underwater housings for many of
its digital point-and-shoot cameras in the PowerShot line.
While serious underwater photography still requires higher-end
equipment, these cameras and housings can produce some very
good results. Digital cameras can also afford more shooting
time underwater with a larger 1-gig compact flash card.
Another important item to consider before taking any underwater
shots is the proper camera lens. The basic camera systems
available for underwater photography have a thirty-five millimeter
There are some real disadvantages to underwater photography.
One particular challenge in underwater photography is the
use of a flash. Flash photography underwater is limited in
range to about 8 ft at the extreme, 4-6 ft commonly.
Browse through any collection of (good) underwater photography,
and you will see that every image is either macro or wide-angle,
without exception. For this reason alone, many divers new
to underwater photography start by concentrating on macro
subjects. Doing macro underwater shares many of the same concepts
as shooting on dry land. The trick is to shoot close with
a wide angle with an auto-focus camera because depth of field
underwater is very unforgiving. If you're a new to underwater
photography, four feet should be the maximum distance from
which to photograph your subject. When you are estimating
the camera-to-subject distance underwater you are estimating
the apparent distance, the actual distance is 25 percent further
Remember Underwater Photography starts as skill development,
then composition followed by technique and finely artistic
realization. Many of the rules of land photography still apply
underwater but they must be used with some thought. The irony
of underwater photography is that for all its beauty, the
biggest enemy is the water itself. Unlike taking photos topside,
when reloading is a simple process, cameras cannot be reloaded
Even if you are not using it for underwater use, sand and
sea air can damage the delicate mechanisms within the camera.
To take effective pictures underwater you need to be able
to concentrate on your subject and the operation of your camera
equipment. Underwater photography is great fun, but getting
good results is extremely tricky and the equipment is very
About the Author
Rob Daniels is an avid snorkeler and outdoor enthusiasts
more at Snorkeling Shop http://snorkeling-shop.com
and Future Photo http://www.future-photo.com